Provincial governments, including the Government of Alberta, are responsible for deciding how cannabis will be distributed and sold within the province. In addition, they are permitted to restrict where adults can consume cannabis, such as in public or in vehicles.
Albertans who are 18 years of age or older are able to purchase cannabis products from privately-run retailers that receive their products from a government-regulated distributor or from government-operated online sales. These retailers are required to be cannabis-specific retailers, and are not allowed to sell alcohol, tobacco or pharmaceuticals. Prior to retailers being granted a cannabis retail licence, it must be approved by the municipality.
Albertans are permitted to consume cannabis in their homes and in some public spaces where tobacco is allowed; however, smoking or vaping of cannabis is restricted on hospital property and in some areas where children frequent. The use of cannabis in vehicles is strictly banned, with the exception of those being used as temporary residences, such as a parked recreational vehicle.
Bill 29: An Act to Reduce Cannabis and Alcohol Impaired Driving was passed on Nov. 29, 2017 to support provincial efforts to address drug-impaired driving and establish zero tolerance for those on graduated licences.
On Nov. 30, 2017, the Government of Alberta passed Bill 26: An Act to Control and Regulate Cannabis to give the Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission (AGLC) the authority to oversee compliance and retail licensing, enable online sales and create restrictions on youth possession and public consumption of cannabis.
Learn more about the provincial legislation