Leduc County

Cannabis legalization

Recreational cannabis is legal in Canada, as of Oct. 17, 2018.

Cannabis, also known as marijuana, is a broad term referring to products made from the leaves, flowers and resins of the cannabis plant. Cannabis comes in many forms, such as seeds, fresh cannabis, dried herbal material and oils; it can be smoked, used with a vapourizer or added to food and beverages. Cannabis can be used for different purposes, including medicinal and recreational use. (Definition adapted from the Government of Alberta.)

Note: laws relating to the distribution, sale and possession of cannabis for medical purposes will remain unchanged.

Roles of government

While legalization is a federal decision, provinces and municipalities also have areas of responsibility.

Government of Canada

The Cannabis Act came into force on Oct. 17, 2018. This law creates a framework to control the production, distribution, sale and possession of cannabis, and sets possession limits, health and safety standards and criminal penalties for violations.

Learn more about federal legislation

Government of Alberta

Provincial governments, including the Government of Alberta, are responsible for deciding how cannabis is distributed and sold within the province. Provinces can also set added restrictions, including the following:

  • lowering possession limits
  • increasing the minimum age
  • restricting where adults can consume cannabis, such as in public or in vehicles
  • setting added personal cultivation requirements

Learn more about provincial legislation

Leduc County

Municipalities in Alberta, including Leduc County, are responsible for establishing rules for retail locations, creating additional restrictions on public consumption and establishing guidelines for land use/zoning.

Production of cannabis

Personal production

Adults who are 18 years of age or older can:

  • grow up to four plants per residence for personal use from licensed seeds or seedlings
  • make cannabis products, such as food and drinks, at home as long as organic solvents are not used to create concentrated products

Production facility

A federal licence is required to produce cannabis for medical and non-medicinal purposes.

The Leduc County Land Use Bylaw limits the development of cannabis production facilities to business/industrial-zoned areas. Any business or individual wishing to develop a cannabis production facility in Leduc County must have their federal licence prior to consideration of a development application. Even if a business or individual possesses a licence, the development of a cannabis production facility is subject to approval by Leduc County.

Distribution of cannabis

Personal distribution

Adults who are 18 years of age or older can:

  • share up to 30 grams of legal cannabis (dried or equivalent in a non-dried form) with other adults

Retail store

The Alberta Gaming, Liquor and Cannabis Commission (AGLC) regulates cannabis retail stores and operates Alberta's online cannabis store. A provincial licence is required to open a cannabis retail store in Alberta.

Cannabis retail stores must be cannabis-specific; they cannot sell alcohol, tobacco or pharmaceutical products. Other conditions must be met in order to quality for a provincial licence.

The Leduc County Land Use Bylaw limits development of cannabis retail stores to business/industrial-zoned areas. Any business or individual wishing to open a cannabis retail store in Leduc County must obtain approval from the municipality prior to obtaining a provincial licence.

Possessing cannabis

Adults who are 18 years of age or older can:

  • legally possess up to 30 grams of legal cannabis (dried or equivalent in a non-dried form) in public

When cannabis is in a vehicle, it must be secured in closed packaging and can't be within reach of anyone in a vehicle.

Consuming cannabis

Albertans are permitted to consume cannabis in their homes and in some public spaces where smoking tobacco is allowed.

Driving while under the influence of cannabis is illegal.

To protect children and limit second-hand exposure, public smoking or vaping of cannabis is prohibited in the same places tobacco is restricted, plus:

  • on any hospital property, school property or child care facility property
  • in or within a prescribed distance from:
    • a playground
    • a sports or playing field
    • a skateboard or bicycle park
    • a zoo
    • an outdoor theatre
    • an outdoor pool or splash pad
  • in any motor vehicle except those being used as temporary residences, such as parked RVs

Further, cannabis cannot be consumed at any cannabis retail store.

Restrictions on airport lands

Municipalities have the power to create additional restrictions on the public consumption of cannabis. In Leduc County, additional restrictions have been set for airport lands, with remaining land in Leduc County subject to the above restrictions set by the provincial government.

As per the Consumption of Cannabis in Public Places bylaw, consuming cannabis – whether by smoking or vaping – is banned on Edmonton International Airport lands. The bylaw aids law enforcement in upholding the airport's zero-tolerance approach to consumption.